Cambodia’s 2013 Human Development Index gives the country a rank of 138 out of 187 countries. Despite the significant setbacks imposed by three decades of war and civil strife, the Kingdom of Cambodia has experienced rapid economic growth in recent years. Poverty has been reduced from 45-50 percent in 1993-94 to 30 percent in 2007, with 90 percent of the country’s poor concentrated in rural areas. Progress toward the MDGs has been strong but uneven, with most of the gains made in poverty reduction, primary education, child mortality, and HIV/AIDS. The Royal Government recognizes good governance as a key development issue for Cambodia and a prerequisite for economic development and poverty reduction.
How We Are Helping?
UNCDF has been helping Cambodia meet its development challenges by supporting local governance programmes since the early 1990s. Together with UNDP and other development partners, UNCDF helped to formulate the 2010 National Programme for Democratic Development at the sub-national level, with the goal of implementing a strategic framework for decentralization and de-concentration.
Building on the former "Innovations for Decentralization and Local Development" (IDLD) project and as a part of the Global Programme “Local Climate Adaptive Living Facility” (LoCAL), the Local Governments and Climate Change (LG-CC) project has been launched. This project aims at demonstrating the key role that Sub-National Governments can play in fostering Cambodia’s climate change resilience. The pilot project focuses initially on one Province and provides continuous feedback to the main central level partners.
With the "Promoting Local Development through Decentralized Health Service Delivery" (LDDHS) project, UNCDF supports the Cambodian Government to improve responsiveness, accountability and budget execution efficiency in planning, financing and delivery of local public health functions.