Ensuring food and nutritional security is a major challenge and a crucial stake for developing countries. While it is predicted that by 2050 global alimentary needs will increase by 70 percent, experts consider that there will also be a decrease in agricultural production meant for feeding, notably due to urbanization and climate change.
A long-term engagement is a necessity if we want to carry out healthy and necessary changes in the least developed countries (LDCs) as the consequences for those countries are large and transversal. As a matter of fact, food security has a direct impact on the general health of the population, their education, their capacities to generate incomes, as well as defending their rights and promoting gender equality.
Furthermore, regional disparities, in matters of food and nutritional security, remain important and the progress done is still modest in certain region of the world. Conflicts, natural disasters and also market imperfections constitute large challenges to food security. Recent events such as the floods in Mozambique and Malawi, the Ebola crisis in West Africa as well as the conflicts in South Sudan, Mali, North Nigeria and in the Republic of Central Africa have showcased the tenuousness of food security in the world. Once again this highlights the dire need to find sustainable answers beyond humanitarian interventions and classic approaches to these issues.
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