The LoCAL Secretariat, based in UNCDF headquarters and regional offices, provides technical advice, in-country support, and seed capital or initial financing for performance-based grants for climate resilience to prove concept and lay the groundwork for scaling up with governments’ own fiscal resources and other sources of climate finance.
LoCAL works directly with national partners, who are responsible for the operation and management of the LoCAL programme in each country through its various phases:
Phase I: Piloting. The first phase involves initial scoping, followed by testing in two to four local governments. Countries in Phase I include Bangladesh, Ghana, Lao PDR, Mali, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger and Tuvalu (Pacific).
Phase II: Learning. The second phase takes place in 5–10% of the local governments of a country. It involves collecting lessons and demonstrating the effectiveness of the mechanism at a larger scale. Countries in Phase II include Bhutan, Cambodia and Benin; Bangladesh, Lao PDR, Niger and Mali are preparing for Phase II.
Phase III: Scaling-up. The third phase is a full national roll-out of LoCAL based on the results and lessons of the previous phases. LoCAL is gradually extended to all local governments, with domestic or international climate finance, and becomes the national system for channelling adaptation finance to the local level. Bhutan and Cambodia are preparing for Phase III
Increasing awareness of and response to climate change at the local level
LoCAL aims to demonstrate to participating countries — as well as to a wider audience — the effectiveness and efficiency of local government investment in climate change adaptation and resilience. As LoCAL expands, it is critical to collect and document experiences, lessons learned, and good practices; to raise awareness; to build a common understanding of the approach; and to share experiences with existing and new participating countries, development partners and the international community at large. Opportunities for learning and distilling lessons for the benefit of participating countries, partners and other interested stakeholders exist at every stage of the LoCAL approach.
LoCAL continues to strengthen its efforts in knowledge management and communication. It collects and disseminates lessons learned and best practices so as to raise awareness of participating countries, as well as a wider audience, on how LoCAL best provides a low-overhead, effective way to strengthen local adaptation and resilience. This work includes sharing information through its website, videos and other multimedia tools, and through country and thematic briefs; as well as reaching out to various communities of practice
LoCAL will also build a database of adaptation measures on the ground that clusters information by country, ecosystem, sector, adaptation challenge and type of investment, among others. The database will be used for experience sharing and reporting to the LoCAL Board and partners.
LoCAL is also working on impact monitoring and evaluation of the programme, through quality assurance of the annual assessment process to guarantee that it meets appropriate standards, and longer-term impact measurement. LoCAL will undertake in-depth monitoring and evaluation exercises on how the climate change adaptation actions financed through performance-based grants for climate resilience are leading to verifiable and meaningful increases in resilience to climate change.
Increasing the amount of finance available to local governments for climate change adaptation
LoCAL aims to increase the amount of climate change financing available to local governments by continuously engaging with national governments, local governments and development partners.
This engagement involves supporting national partners in identifying potential sources of climate finance as well as working within participating countries regarding the distribution of their own fiscal resources for climate change. It also entails working with development partners and international funds for climate finance to increase allocations of climate funds available and accessible to local governments, and to make LoCAL a standard and recognized country-based mechanism for channelling adaptation finance to the local level.
LoCAL is implemented through a memorandum of understanding with the participating government. The memorandum of understanding deals with the transfer of capital support to the government for the performance-based grants for climate resilience. These grants are usually transferred to the appropriate ministry for fiscal transfer to local governments in accordance with the rules and regulations for capital grants specified in UNCDF's operational manual.
Operational costs in each country are financed separately through a letter of agreement with the participating government. This agreement deals with the transfer of funds for operational support to one or more government agencies. Transfer reporting is handled in accordance with standard UNDP and UNCDF procedures.
The national implementing partner (the designated ministry or agency) is responsible for implementation of the two agreements with UNCDF technical support.
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