This discussion paper aims to ll these apparent gaps and to identify further areas of analytical work and piloting that might help us to understand better the linkages between local governance, service delivery and social safety nets. This publication tries to answer two important questions. First, what added value does (or might) local government bring to safety net programmes? Can ‘going local’ improve or strengthen the effectiveness of safety nets? Second, what do (or might) safety net programmes bring to local government? Are there advantages for local governments in becoming or being involved in the management and implementation of safety net programmes?