The analysis and recommendations of this report do not necessarily reflect the view of the United Nations Capital Development Fund, its Executive Board or the United Nations Member States. This is an independent report commissioned by UNCDF and reflects the views of its authors.
The Republic of Yemen (ROY) was established in 1990 with the merger of the Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South Yemen). The country covers some 527,970 sq km and is characterized by an unequal geographic distribution and a relatively low density of the population (less than 40 people per sq km on average). It had an estimated population of 21.1 million with a GDP per capita of USD903 in 2004.