The local planning for a territorial governance of development
Local planning is an initiative to control the territory, a management need focused on results to channel investments and streamline the use of resource mobilized for the populations. It aims at raising the awareness of the local elected and the populations to the future of their territory in matters of local development and fight against poverty and inequality. Thus, the local budget is an annual instrument to implement local development plans.
The F4F programme is based on the planning of local development for better control of the populations’ needs and the systematic programming of the investments in the annual budgets of the local governments for the promotion of territorial opportunities - a crucial condition to generate wealth necessary to fight against food insecurity. Through its various framing and local development managing instruments, the F4F programme provides new pathways and impulses to the territorial administrations, notably the local governments, which now seek to be close to their citizens to offer them appropriate services. The mobilization of local resources is therefore crucial to set up the basis for sustainable local development.
Integrating food and nutritional security into strategic planification
The planning process is prepared by the local authorities, which ensures the management through informing populations on the stakes and by training actors who will animate this at different levels. The process seeks to be participative, in the sense that every component of the local community (villages, fractions and various organizations) are consulted by the local authorities as well as the development actors intervening in the area. The local development plan is designed by taking into account the needs of the populations and the sectoral policies of the State, and outlines the long-term vision of local development which is not subject to the terms of office of the elected officials.
Furthermore, the development objectives, the projects and activities deriving from this vision reflect a will to include all the communities and social groups. The local development plan thus becomes the instrument for coordination and coherence of all public and private interventions operating in the territory of the local government and takes into account in addition to its own interests, those shared with the neighbouring localities in order to promote mutual support between local governments.
The planning comes with performance assessments targeting the amounts of progress such as citizen participation, the economic dynamic stimulated by the generation of wealth, the modernist impetus through the improvement of the local administration in order to provide better services in a suitable timeframe, the accommodation dynamic with public services (education, health, water, phone, electricity, sanitation, etc.) and the protection of the environment and natural resources.