BANGLADESH

Context

Climate Vulnerabilities: Bangladesh is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries to the negative impacts of climate change. The country has a high population density and sits on the low-lying delta of two of the largest rivers on the Indian sub-continent. Communities struggle with regular and extreme flooding and cyclones, alternating with prolonged periods of drought and rising temperatures. Food security is a significant problem for many of its 160+ million people, as is access to reliable drinking water. Climate change is negatively impacting the health of many Bangladeshis and forcing others to relocate, creating a growing climate refugee population.

National Response: The Government of Bangladesh identified a number of key areas for action to address climate change in their 2015 intended nationally determined contributions (iNDCs) submitted to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. These included:

• food security
• livelihood and health protection
• comprehensive disaster management
• coastal zone management, including salinity intrusion control
• flood control and erosion protection
• and building climate-resilient infrastructure

The above priorities are guided by the Government of Bangladesh 2009 climate change strategy.

BANGLADESH

Local governments in Bangladesh are mandated to perform several key functions related to disaster preparedness and management, making them important players in taking action on climate change. Local governments at the upazila (subdistrict) and union parishad (grassroots) levels receive fiscal transfers which are used to strengthen local infrastructure and deliver services. LoCAL works with these local governments to mainstream climate change resilience into their planning and investment systems and support localization of the iNDCs and national climate change adaptation goals.

In Bangladesh, LoCAL is part of the multi-donor collaborative initiative: Local Government Initiative on Climate Change (LoGIC), which is funded by Sida and the European Union, with some input from the United Nations Development Programme and UNCDF.

LoGIC uses LoCAL’s innovative performance-based climate resilience grants (PBCRG) system to channel finance to local governments and support locally identified projects with technical support and capacity building.

Flag

496 Upazillas

161 M People

LoCAL - BANGLADESH

71

Governments Engaged

263

Adaptation Investments

1,576,981

Beneficiaries

$2,000,762

Budget (up to 2019)

5

Action on climate change

As of January 2020, 228 small-scale climate resilience schemes had been finalized under the PBCRG 2018–2019 cycle. The schemes are delivering direct results for 279,714 people and indirectly for 1,576,981 more.

Schemes typically target action on: hydroponics, reverse osmosis, culverts to sustain tidal surge and u-drains for agricultural irrigation. Other actions include road elevation, repair of a cyclone shelter and the road leading to it, rainwater harvesting, reconstruction of an embankment, pond sand filtering and desalinization, a solar photovoltaic system, a flood defence wall, tree planting, guide wall construction, model resilient drought-tolerant high-value cropping, and household and community development.

Some interventions focused on promoting more climate-resilient livelihoods, through demonstrations or capacity building on various climate- and water-efficient agricultural techniques (inter-cropping and green sheds for seedlings) and renewable energy interventions.

The schemes took the needs of extremely vulnerable groups into consideration, such as communities displaced by climate change, ethnic minorities and women.

BANGLADESH IN NUMBERS

STORIES FROM THE FIELD

Our Team

DHAKA, BANGLADESH

Government Partners

In Bangladesh, LoCAL is implemented by the Local Government Division, Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives.