A 2008 evaluation of Benin’s national vulnerabilities identified three major climate risks: drought, late or heavy rains and flooding. Areas with the highest exposure to these risks are drainage basins, regions and communities engaged in subsistence agriculture and national water resources. The most climate vulnerable groups are small-scale and subsistence farmers, market gardeners and emerging farmers, as well as fishing communities. A vulnerability and adaptation to climate change study identified four areas of concern: coastal regions, water resources, forestry and agriculture.<!--![endif]--><!--![if-->
Benin’s nationally determined contributions (NDCs), initially submitted to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015, identify LoCAL as a means of bridging the climate finance gap at the community level while building local institutional and technical capacity to address climate risks and challenges. The country looks to extend LoCAL to all 77 of its municipalities as part of its NDC goals. Communes are responsible for environmental protection, as confirmed by the Environmental Governance Charter. A national funding mechanism for local development, the Commune Development Fund (FADeC, Fonds d’appui au développement) support communes in this task.