Climate Vulnerabilities

A 2008 evaluation of Benin’s national vulnerabilities identified three major climate risks: drought, late or heavy rains and flooding. Areas with the highest exposure to these risks are drainage basins, regions and communities engaged in subsistence agriculture and national water resources. The most climate vulnerable groups are small-scale and subsistence farmers, market gardeners and emerging farmers, as well as fishing communities. A vulnerability and adaptation to climate change study identified four areas of concern: coastal regions, water resources, forestry and agriculture.<!--![endif]--><!--![if-->

National Response

Benin’s nationally determined contributions (NDCs), initially submitted to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2015, identify LoCAL as a means of bridging the climate finance gap at the community level while building local institutional and technical capacity to address climate risks and challenges. The country looks to extend LoCAL to all 77 of its municipalities as part of its NDC goals. Communes are responsible for environmental protection, as confirmed by the Environmental Governance Charter. A national funding mechanism for local development, the Commune Development Fund (FADeC, Fonds d’appui au développement) support communes in this task.


Benin was the first country in Africa to implement LoCAL. First piloted in three communes of Atacora-Donga, in Northern Region, additional communes joined with the co-financing from the Government of Benin. The National Fund for Environment and Climate was nominated as Benin’s national implementing entity to pursue accreditation with the Green Climate Fund (GCF), with a view to scaling up LoCAL.

LoCAL in Benin as repeatedly demonstrated its effectiveness in channelling international climate adaptation finance to the most remote areas and the most vulnerable people in the world.


77 Communes

11.7 M People

    LoCAL in BENIN


    Communes Engaged


    Adaptation Investments




    Budgets (up to 2019)

    Action on climate change

    To date, 34 adaptation measures in nine communes have been identified and are being implemented; of these 5 are new investments identified in 2019 in Materi, Ouaké, Banikoara, Cobly and Toukountouna. Approximately 34,000 people are expected to benefit from these new investments, 52 per cent of whom are women. These measures mainly focus on the following:

    - Rehabilitation/improvement of community ponds, including to revitalize the local aquaculture sector and provide water for agricultural activities throughout the year (cattle and irrigation)

    - Irrigation projects and yield maintenance interventions for vegetable gardens

    - Capacity-building activities on climate-resilient crop varieties (rice)

    - Pumping systems for potable water distribution in nine rural and remote community villages, which are expected to serve more than 3,500 people


    Stories from the Field

    Our Team


    Implementing Partner:
    Ministry of Environment and Climate Change, Government of Benin

    Key contacts:
    • Mr. Médard Comlan Ouinakonhan, LoCAL National Coordinator (MCVDD)
    • Mr. Martin Pepin AINA, DG/Environment and Climate, National Director LoCAL

    LoCAL Benin: Mr. Cossoba Nanako, Programme Officer

    Ms. Sophie De Coninck
    Programme Manager for Africa

    Mr. Joël Bekou United Nations Volunteer, Technical Assistant