Climate Vulnerabilities: Climate change represents a major challenge for Cambodia. With a high poverty rate and a predominantly agrarian economy, Cambodia is ranked as one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the world. The country is expected to experience increased variation in, and intensity of, precipitation impacting over 2 million farming households, or 8 million people. Coastal communities and ecosystems will be affected by sea level rise. Low-lying areas will be increasingly prone to floods, while the higher areas are likely to experience more incidences of drought. Increases in temperature and humidity may create conditions of increased health risk to humans and an exacerbation of diseases in crops and livestock. These changes will amplify and compound already existing development challenges.

National Response: The Government of Cambodia developed a responsive policy framework, with over 21 state agencies under the helm of a National Climate Change Committee, administered by the Climate Change Department of the Ministry of Environment. Within this framework, there is a National Strategic Development Plan that streamlines sectoral climate change strategies to guide the country’s climate change response over the next decade, including at the local level. The increasing relevance of local governments emerged in 2008, when the National Committee for Subnational Democratic Development (NCDD) was established as the inter-ministerial mechanism for promoting democratic development through decentralization and deconcentration reforms throughout Cambodia. The NCDD mainstreams climate change at subnational level, using the LoCAL mechanism.


Cambodia was one of the first countries to pilot the LoCAL mechanism in 2011. After a successful second phase, the country is now scaling up to another 100 districts. LoCAL's key partner in Cambodia is the National Committee for Sub-National Democratic Development Secretariat (NCDD-S). In 2019, the NCDD-S with support from LoCAL, successfully applied and received accreditation to become a National Implementing Entity of the Green Climate Fund. This is a tremendous achievement and made the NCDD-S the world’s first national implementing entity dealing with local governments. Due to proven successes in Cambodia, LoCAL is currently being rolled out nationwide.


185 Districts and Municipalities

16.7 M People



Districts Engaged


Adaptation Investments



US $3,553,534

Budget (2012-2019)

Some 276 adaptation measures have been financed through LoCAL’s system of Performance Based Climate Resilience Grants (PBCRGs). The largest share of these adaptation measures, or approximately 31 % of investments, are aimed at improving transport systems, especially during the rainy season, for people and goods. These include building elevated roads and bridges or building and restoring irrigation canals, sewage systems or community ponds.

Other adaptation projects include resilience building of agricultural systems and improving the availability of potable and safe water, disaster prevention and preparedness, health actions, environmental protection and forestry activities. In line with LoCAL standards, adaptation measures are accompanied with capacity-building and awareness-raising activities.




Phnom Penh - Cambodia

Government Partners:

In Cambodia, LoCAL is implemented by the Secretariat of the National Committee for Subnational Democratic Development (NCDD-S).
Other Government partners:

General Directorate of National Budget, General Directorate of Subnational Budget, Ministry of Economy and Finance, Climate Change Department, National Committee for Sustainable Development Secretariat, Ministry of Environment, Gender and Climate Change Group of Ministry of Women’s Affairs.
Our Development Partners:

The Embassy of Sweden / SIDA, The European Union Delegation in Cambodia, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)–Global Environment Facility Small Grants Programme, the UNDP Sustainable Rural Livelihood Project, the International Fund for Agricultural Development / Agriculture Services Programme for Innovation, Resilience and Extension (ASPIRE), the Cambodia Climate Change Alliance and the Global Climate Change Alliance Plus (GCCA+) Support Facility.

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