Climate Vulnerabilities: Ghana is facing increased pressure on water, reduced yields leading to more poverty and food insecurity, and the loss of national revenue from cash crops such as cocoa. Other vulnerabilities include migration which adds pressure on urban services; deteriorating health because of increased disease; severe impacts on land use leading to loss of biodiversity and soil fertility, land degradation and increased deforestation; and exposure of fragile groups such as women and youth to climate change impacts. More than 80 per cent of disasters in metropolitan, municipal and district assemblies (MMDAs) are climate-related and affect key growth and economic sectors such as agriculture, forestry and fisheries; as well as environmental sanitation, water supply and management.

National Response: LoCAL actions address adaptation issues in Ghana, in particular around: energy and infrastructure, natural resource management, agriculture and food security, and disaster preparedness and response. Ghana’s intended nationally determined contributions include 11 adaptation programmes of action in priority economic sectors for implementation over 2020–2030 – notably, sustainable land use including food security; climate-proof infrastructure; and equitable social development. The Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, which aims to ensure good governance and equitable development of MMDAs, plays an important role in ensuring that climate change is mainstreamed at the local level.


LoCAL in Ghana combines performance-based climate resilience grants (PBCRGs) with technical and building capacity support to ensure climate change adaptation is mainstreamed into government’s planning and budgeting systems, and to increase awareness and response to climate change at the local level.
The vision for LoCAL in Ghana is to become a national mechanism to channel financial resources for the adaptation to the whole territory of Ghana in an efficient and transparent manner, through the national transfer system to local authorities, and the district Development Fund.

UNCDF, in partnership with SNV, a Netherlands development agency, secured funding from the European Union Trust Fund for Africa to implement the Boosting Green Employment and Enterprise Opportunities in Ghana (GrEEn) Project, launched in 2020. The GrEEn Project will take Ghana to LoCAL Phase II and will deploy PBCRGs to focus on creating jobs locally, in particular for migrant returnees, women and youths. GrEEn will use cash-for-work programmes and support for micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) in the green economy, while promoting climate resilience.


228 Districts in 16 Regions

31 M People



Regions Engaged


Adaptation Investments



US $89,504

Bridging Phase II: 2016-2019

LoCAL Water Investment in Ada East ©UNCDF/LoCALPhoto Edinam Amewode 2020

Stories from the Field

Our Team


Implementing Partner:

Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, Government of Ghana.

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