Climate Vulnerability: Mali, like many other countries in West Africa, has been hit hard by the effects of climate change. In this predominantly arid country, less than a quarter of land is suitable for cultivation. Land degradation and the dependence of the country’s farms on rainfall, make Mali extremely vulnerable to random climatic events. Climate change in Mali is marked by an average reduction in annual rainfall of 20 per cent, combined with limited geographic and temporal distribution when it does occur; increasingly high temperatures; more frequent periods of drought and flooding; decreased water levels in major rivers, marked deterioration in soil quality and greater ecosystem fragility.

National Response: One of the main objectives of Mali’s 2019–2023 Strategic Framework for Economic Recovery and Sustainable Development is to ensure a healthy environment and strengthen resilience to climate change. To achieve these goals, the Malian authorities facilitate better integration of climate challenges in planning processes at the national and local levels. The government has also committed to build the population’s capacity to increase the resilience of ecological, economic and social systems to the effects of climate change by incorporating adaptation measures, primarily in the most vulnerable sectors. Mali’s intended nationally determined contributions prioritize the transition towards a green and resilient economic pathway.


LoCAL in Mali aims to demonstrate and highlight the role of local governments in promoting local climate change adaptation and resilience measures by integrating climate funding in budget transfer mechanisms and in the planning and allocation of local resources. Since inception in 2015, LoCAL has invested in 36 local adaptation initiatives in Mali, accounting for about $350,000 and directly benefiting more than 29,154 people, mostly women. A joint programme with the United Nations Industrial Development Organization and LoCAL, established in 2019 to support risk management and mitigate inter-community conflicts through the PBCRG system, demonstrates LoCAL’s flexibility and potential to contribute to peace-building.


703 communes in 56 Cercles

20.25 M People



Cercles Engaged


Adaptation Investments




Phase I


Stories from the Field



Government Partners:

In Mali, LoCAL is implemented by ANICT / AEDD: the Environment and Sustainable Development Agency - AEDD, (Agence de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable), which serves as the national designated authority, is responsible for administering the LoCAL programme in partnership with the other members of the National Steering Committee, using the Local Authorities National Investment Agency - ANICT (Agence Nationale d’Investissement des Collectivités Territoriales) structure for funding the communes. This is done with technical support from UNCDF and under the general direction of the Ministry of Territorial Administration and Decentralization.

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