Climate vulnerabilities: Tuvalu is the fourth smallest country in the world with a population of around 11,000 and a land area of 25.9 km2. Like other Pacific Island countries, Tuvalu faces a unique set of development challenges due to its small size, remoteness and narrow production and export bases. While these challenges remain, the risk from climate change threatens Tuvalu’s very existence. As a small island developing state, Tuvalu faces being submerged due to rising sea levels, coastal erosion and increasingly frequent natural disasters. Made up of nine tiny islands, two of which are close to being submerged due to rising water levels and coastal erosion.

National response: Climate change has been identified by the Government of Tuvalu and the Pacific Islands Forum Leaders as the greatest threat facing this and other small island countries. Communities in Tuvalu are battling climate change on multiple fronts, such as coastal erosion, soil salinization, reduced fish habitats due to ocean acidification, coral bleaching, rising sea water levels and increasing extreme climate events like typhoons and wave surges.


Tuvalu is the first country to implement LoCAL in the Pacific. LoCAL has entered a strategic partnership with the Commonwealth Local Government Forum (CLGF) for implementation of capacity development and technical support to national and local governments. Given the context of climate vulnerabilities and risks in Tuvalu and the Pacific region in general, LoCAL-Tuvalu addresses climate change adaptation and resilience measures, climate-related disaster risk reduction and disaster preparedness measures.


9 Districts

10,800 People

    LoCAL Scoping Mission (2015)

    LoCAL Scoping Mission (2015)

    LoCAL Scoping Mission (2015)

    LoCAL Scoping Mission (2015)

    LoCAL Scoping Mission (2015)



    Districts Engaged


    Adaptation Investments




    Budgets (up to 2019)

    • The viability of subsistence-based livelihoods in Tuvalu is expected to be undermined significantly due to climate change. Consequently, the first and second cycles of PBCRG investments focused on two critical axes: water and sanitation, and disaster prevention and preparedness.
    • Water and sanitation: The key vulnerabilities and risks related to water are increased variability and decreased predictability of rainfall and safe water availability. To this end, six water catchment and harvesting systems were completed or planned in three communities. Five of these projects have been completed, with the final project to be completed by June 2020.
    • Disaster prevention and preparedness: Tuvalu is dangerously exposed to extreme climate events such as storms and cyclones. Two cyclone shelters are under construction in two communities to provide protection for more than 800 inhabitants.

    Stories from the Field

    Our Team


    Government Partners:
    In Tuvalu, LoCAL is implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs and Rural Development, Ministry of Local Government and Agriculture.

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